Monkeytoe Academy
Learning hub for Specifiers
Xbeam span tables
Monkeytoe screening options
How does a Monkeytoe system perform in earthquakes?
Louvre viewing angles
Aluminium vs Chemicals
Bigger, Taller Stronger: Realising the Potential of Carbon Fibre – Why Carbon Fibre?
9 Better Efficiencies with Monkeytoe & Xbeam
Better Under One Roof: True Design Specialists at the Helm, Design, Manufacture & Install Time
9 Compliance Hurdles Architects Need To Know
Better Under One Roof: Specification Flexibility & Custom Designs
Understanding Vibration – #2 Getting to Know Engineering Vibration
Private: Fire stair specification requirements
Aluminium vs Steel
The Ultimate Showdown
Understanding Vibration – #1 The Basics of Vibration
  • Does Monkeytoe cover the Engineering of Plant Platforms?
    Yes. All platforms have either generic design or are designed as job/project specific.
  • If my purlins are supporting a Monkeytoe platform, how do I use my purlins to transfer the loads towards the building bracing system?
    Generally, the platform induced lateral loads can be transferred to braced walls/portal frames/shear walls through roof diaphragm actions by the roof sheeting or other forms of diaphragms such as plywood. In the case where the diaphragm is absent or inadequate, the lateral load transfer can be achieved through axial tension/compression actions of the purlin in the along direction and through out of plane bending and shear in the across direction. In this case the client’s structural engineer is required to carry out this check. Monkey Toe can assist with this if required.
  • How did we go about getting the capacities from the Xbeam? Was this through testing?
    The properties and capacities of the Xbeam are both calculated and verified by FEA & physical testing to determine its performance under a range of stresses.
  • Do you have the Fire resistance properties of these beams, such as the FLR Ratings?
    Currently we do not have any fire rating capability with these beams, though this is something we’re working on currently with fire engineering companies in Australia. This will take some time to complete. As above, our design & testing to date has been around the beam maintaining structural integrity when exposed to 180°C+ radiant temperatures (based on the allowable radiant temperatures through a fire rated roof/wall).
  • What testing has been completed for structural integrity in fire situations?
    We’ve designed and tested to a range of parameters, and we’re currently working with fire engineers to look into additional fire capabilities using intumescent paints. The aluminium bonds are designed to withstand at least 200°C for an extended duration. This covers scenarios where a fire-rated roof can emit a radiant temperature of up to 180°C for a specified duration. In our adhesive lapshear testing to date, we’ve actually observed this particular bond increasing in strength with increases in temperature thanks to the nature of the specifically formulated product. We’ve tested this up to 220°C. Beyond this temperature, it’s possible the aluminium bonding may fail, and that the system would be relying on the bond friction and the connecting bracketry only. We’ve tested this scenario with all bonds failed and the beam loaded to 1.5x its designed shear load held overnight, without observing a catastrophic integrity failure. So pretty successful, we think. Above 300-350°C the aluminium itself will degrade in performance and reach expected failure.
  • Monkeytoe’s aluminium is designed to AS/NZS1164 (Aluminium structures). How is carbon fibre covered in an Xbeam solution?
    This is covered by a combination of physical testing as per AS/NZ 1170.0 Appendix B, as well as reference to the European composites code where applicable.
  • Does Monkeytoe engineer and certify from portal up on and Xbeam platform?
    Monkeytoe will engineer from our connection point upwards, including the fasteners used. If we are providing the leg stubs, then this will be from the portal up (but not the portal itself). If we are mounting to support legs that are supplied by others, our engineering will cover from our connection upwards. Monkeytoe can assist with the design requirements for the legs in this case.
  • Are there any concerns about dissimilar metals at hub portal connections, such as between zinc bolts, aluminium structures and steel beams? Are there any risks of galvanic corrosion?
    In short, no. Where these connections are made inside a building, there are no concerns. For galvanic corrosion to occur, an electrolyte must be present to complete the electrical circuit. This should not be happening inside a building often enough for corrosion to happen. As an added precaution, however, Monkeytoe recommend using a lanolin moisture/corrosion inhibitor spray at the time of install to prevent any moisture from being trapped during construction. We have chosen zinc bolts for this application as they are more compatible with aluminium than galvanised fasteners are, and they maintain compatibility with the steel structure. Where this connection occurs in a weather-exposed area, isolation will be provided between all dissimilar metals to mitigate and prevent corrosion. This will typically be a thin rubber or hard plastic layer, but in some situations a specialised coating may be used.
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